Philippine National ID: Here's Everything You Need To Know
In many countries, a national ID is issued by the government to give people easier access to different social welfare programs. The card is also considered an official government-issued identification document as it contains the full name, facial image, birth date, address, and fingerprints of the bearer.
Here in the Philippines, we have Republic Act No. 11055, otherwise known as the Philippine Identification System Act (PhilSys). The law seeks to "simplify public and private transactions" by collecting biometrics (fingerprint, iris scan, and photograph) of those who will register and store them in a universal identification card.
By making the card available online, its proponents aim to accelerate the country's transition to a digital economy. They also promise to reduce fraudulent schemes in many government services and "empower Filipinos" with better control over their personal data.
In this article, Tatler discusses everything you need to know about the national ID system of the Philippines.
HOW MANY TIMES DID THE GOVERNMENT ATTEMPT TO ISSUE A NATIONAL ID?
Contrary to popular belief, this is not the first time that the government tried to issue a national ID. In history, there are already three administrations that attempted to implement such law; these are former Presidents Ferdinand Marcos, Fidel V. Ramos, and Gloria Macapagal Arroyo.
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES SURROUNDING THE NATIONAL ID SYSTEM?
The number one concern when it comes to the national ID system is privacy. In the past years, several government websites were hacked, making Filipinos sceptical of the government's capacity to take care of private data.
Some Filipinos are also afraid that the data collected from them may be spilt elsewhere or used against them. Josh Malonzo, a member of the College Editors Guild of the Philippines (CEGP), fears that the system could be used for surveillance under the controversial Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020.
The controversial measure has provisions that put dissent in a bad light. "National ID system? While the Anti-Terrorism Act of 2020 is in full effect? This is basically mass surveillance," Malonzo said.
According to National Statistician Dennis Mapa, the government plans to protect private data by using a "complex privacy-protective system". "The registrants remain the owner of the data in the PhilSys registry and their personal data will not be used without their consent," said Mapa.
HOW MANY REGISTERED FOR THE NATIONAL ID SO FAR?
As of the first quarter of 2021, there are 15.08 million individuals who have already completed the Step 1 registration, which involves the door-to-door collection of data in low-income households.
WHERE TO REGISTER?
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is in charge of the mass registration for the national ID. The department will establish both fixed and mobile registration centres in strategic locations.
Here are public offices where you can register for the national ID:
- Individuals can go register in the following centres:
- PSA Regional Provincial Offices
- Local Civil Registry Offices
- Government Service Insurance System
- Social Security System
- Philippine Health Insurance Corporation
- Home Development Mutual Fund
- Commission on Elections
- Philippine Postal Corporation
- Other government agencies as assigned by PSA
Filipinos may also choose to register online via Philsys' official website.
WHAT ARE THE REQUIREMENTS?
Applicants who wish to get the national ID are advised to present an original copy of at least one of the following:
- PSA-issued Certificate of Live Birth AND one (1) government-issued identification document which bears full name, front-facing photograph, and signature or thumb mark.
- DFA-issued Philippine Passport or ePassport;
- GSIS or SSS-issued Unified Multi-purpose Identification Card (UMID);
- Land Transportation Office (LTO)-issued Student’s License Permit or Non-Professional/Professional Driver’s License
- PSA-issued Certificate of Live Birth/NSO-issued Certificate of Live Birth with Birth Reference Number (BreN)
- LCRO-issued Certificate of Live Birth
- PSA-issued Report of Birth
- PSA-issued Certificate of Foundling
- Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) Identification Card
- Professional Regulatory Commission (PRC) ID
- Seaman’s Book
- Overseas Workers Welfare Administration (OWWA) ID
- Senior Citizen’s ID
- SSS ID
- Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) ID
- Licence to Own or Possess Firearms (LTOPF) ID
- NBI Clearance
- Police Clearance/ID
- Solo Parent’s ID
- PWD ID
- Voter’s ID
- Postal ID
- Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) ID
- Philhealth ID
- Philippine Retirement Authority (PRA)-issued Special Resident Retiree’s Visa (SRRV)
- National ID from other countries
- Residence ID from other countries
HOW MUCH IS THE NATIONAL ID?
The national ID is free of charge. The government can only issue a fee if one applies for a replacement of the ID due to damage or loss.